Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a brain injury caused by oxygen deprivation, or birth asphyxia, compounded by a decrease in blood flow to the brain. HIE is a leading cause of death among newborns, contributing to around 840,000 annual neonatal deaths worldwide, according to Medscape.
HIE is extremely prevalent among premature babies, but also affects many newborns who are carried to term. Brain injuries can result in a wide range of severe developmental impairments, as well as the neuro-musculur disorder cerebral palsy. The team at CaringforSpecialNeedsKids.com put together this infographic to spread awareness of the issue.